Hiring is a two way street, it involves the interaction between two parties (the candidate for a job and the hiring party). Both parties will have a discussion about expectations, opportunities and limitations relative to the job functions and the candidate's competencies. Regardless of the result of the discussions, one is a winning party if not both.
In the past years, there were evidence of declining good hiring practices as discriminating practices were more evident. The following illustrate examples of practices that were reported and can be found publicly in the internet;
The US Department of Labor pursued cases of discriminatory practices such as;
The company's selection criteria were subjectively and inconsistently applied. As a result, women were less likely to be employed in entry-level production jobs, and Asian and Pacific Islander job seekers were unfairly favored over other racial groups.
The company was giving preferential treatments to Latino applicants and systematically discriminating against African-Americans and Caucasians seeking longshoreman jobs.
On Equal Pay:
The company discriminated against female sales specialists by paying them salaries that were, on average, $1,700 less than their male counterparts.
In prior year, evidence of discrimination exist to individuals whose age ranges above 40's.
The Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School, has provided an overview of Employment Discrimination. It seeks to prevent discrimination based on race, sex, religion, national origin, physical disability, and age by employers. The link provides you with more information about discrimination which also exist in the United States Constitution.
“In this day and age, it is shocking that any company would allow race to be a factor in determining who gets hired,” said OFCCP Director Patricia A. Shiu.
The main question is, what triggers employers to discriminate against individuals while there are laws that prohibits such actions.
As long as there are individuals who play the role of a victim, the "exploiter" will take advantage at any rate until such time the actions are caught.
As we have seen in different industries, the so called exploiters like cheap labor and greed. Sometimes the influencer to such discriminatory action is power and familiarity.
Do you think there be a time where 'total equality and respect' will exist in this world? Your guess will be as good as mine ~
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